Living With Diabetes
Healthy Eating
Physical Activity
Self Monitoring
Living With Diabetes
Printer-friendly printing

There are 3 main types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. It develops when the body’s defense system starts to attack the cells of the pancreas. People with type 1 diabetes need daily insulin injections to control their blood sugars and health. Type 1 diabetes can affect anyone at any age, but its onset is most common in children and young adults.

Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% of all people with diabetes. It is characterized by insulin resistance (meaning that the body can’t move sugar into the body cells as well as it used to) and less insulin production. There is good evidence that type 2 diabetes can be prevented.

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes where a mother has high blood sugar during her pregnancy. It increases risks to mom and baby during the pregnancy and after birth. About half of women with a history of gestational diabetes may develop type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years after delivery.